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How to Sell a House By Owner in Connecticut

Selling a house For Sale by Owner (FSBO) in Connecticut can save you 2.62-5.67% in realtor commissions. But prepare for a lot of work, including filing the required paperwork and learning about your local market to make the most from your sale.

Selling a house For Sale by Owner (FSBO) in Connecticut can save you 2.62-5.67% in realtor commissions. But prepare for a lot of work, including filing the required paperwork and learning about your local market to make the most from your sale.

In Connecticut, the average commission rate is 4.87-5.67%. If you sell a house worth $261,634 — the median home value in Connecticut — that's up to $14,835, which is a huge chunk of your potential profits.

Selling without a real estate agent, known as listing For Sale By Owner (FSBO), is a viable option for experienced home sellers who are willing to put in the time and effort.

However, selling FSBO has risks. Research shows that FSBO homes typically sell for about 6% less than those listed with agents. In addition, FSBO homes often take longer to sell, and are more likely to fall out of contract after accepting an offer — unless the homeowner is experienced and knowledgeable about the process.

In this article, we'll explain everything you need to know to successfully sell your house without a realtor: the ins and outs of Missouri realtor fees, paperwork, and tips to walk away with more from your sale.

What FSBO Sellers in Connecticut Need to Know

Real estate laws, processes, and trends vary greatly across the country. Understanding the details of your market and getting accurate information can make a FSBO sale complicated.

We'll go into more details about what you need to do in Connecticut, but here's an overview of the state's laws and regulations.

Connecticut FSBO Overview

Real estate attorney required?Yes
Required state disclosures?
(learn more)
  • Residential Property Condition Report and Residential Foundation Condition Report
  • Flood Zone Statement
  • Lead-Based Paint Disclosure
FSBO yard sign allowed?Yes
Competitive Buyer's Agent Commission (learn more)2.25-2.65%

Additionally, you'll need to know and understand all of your responsibilities as a FSBO seller, which include:

  • Preparing your home by making necessary repairs, cleaning, and staging your home.
  • Accurately and competitively pricing your home.
  • Marketing your home by writing a listing description, taking high-quality photos, posting the listing on different sites (free and/or paid), and promoting your home on social media, in print ads, and via word of mouth.
  • Vetting buyers to ensure they're qualified, from a financial perspective. Accepting an offer from an unqualified buyer will cause your sale to fall through and in Connecticut, 12% of mortgage applications are rejected.
  • Negotiating the final price, contingencies, repair concessions, and other aspects of the purchase agreement.
  • Properly filling out all necessary paperwork for a real estate transaction in Connecticut.

Note: Connecticut is one of several states that require sellers to hire a real estate attorney. While they will assist you with the paperwork and legal aspects of the transaction, they will not help you find a buyer or negotiate a great deal.

>> LEARN the steps of a FSBO sale

How to Price Your Home

Pricing strategy is the often make-or-break for FSBO sellers. List your home for too little and you leave money on the table. Price it too high and the listing goes stale, forcing a price drop that could make buyers wary of the home.

To get an accurate idea of what your house is worth, look at comparable listings in your area.

For example, if you live in Hartford and think your house is worth about $240,000, search Zillow for active listings that are about $50,000 more and less than that. Analyze details about the houses and how they compare to yours. Ask yourself:

  • Is the school district better or worse?
  • Does it have the same number of bedrooms and bathrooms?
  • Has the house been renovated more recently than yours?
  • How do the neighborhoods and nearby amenities compare?

Answering these questions honestly will help you see if your price is in the right ballpark.

From there, be realistic about what pricing strategy will lead to higher offers. Here are some key pricing metrics that will help you decide the best listing price for your home and market:

State of the Connecticut Real Estate Market

Median Home Value*$261,634
Median Listing Price$375,050
Listing Price per sqft$175
% of Homes with Price Reduction10.45%
Median Sale Price^$279,000
Pricing Advice for FSBO SellersProperty values are about to rise, but don't get ahead of the game and overprice your house.

*Based on data from Zillow (May 2020)
Based on data from Realtor.com (May 2020)
^Based on data from Redfin (May 2020)

How to List Your Connecticut Home for Sale by Owner

Once you've decided on a price, it's time to write a listing description that speaks to local buyers. Understanding their priorities will help you identify what features of your property to highlight in your listing and attract more interest.

Top Buyer Priorities in Connecticut

Connecticut Buyer PrioritiesAdvice for FSBO Sellers
1. Listing PriceBe honest about your list price. Look at recent sales data in your area on Zillow or other real estate sites to find an accurate price point for homes of comparable size and condition to yours. Many real estate companies will also conduct an analysis for little to no charge.
2. Architectural Style of HomeIn your listing description, talk about any unique architectural features that could set your home apart. If your home was built by a known architect, has original flooring or doors, or has any historical value, be sure to mention it. Also, point out what takes your house to the next level. For example, older homes can be beautiful, but energy inefficient. Highlight upgrades you made like new windows that will save buyers hundreds in heating costs.
3. Recent RenovationsBe specific about large updates you've made in the last 5 years, such as rewiring electric, putting in a new roof, or installing a new furnace. List exactly when the renovation was done, roughly how much it cost, and what its current condition is today. This will give buyers peace of mind that they won't have to worry about big issues any time soon

Based on a 2020 Clever survey of 500+ real estate agents

When it comes to advertising and posting your listing, you have several options as a FSBO seller. Each choice has its own pros and cons as well as costs:

  • For Sale By Owner yard sign: You can buy a sign from most hardware stores or online for $20-$50. Be sure to choose one that allows you to add your phone numbers so interested buyers can contact you for property information and showings.
  • Craigslist: Posting your home on Craigslist is free and simple. Just go to the Connecticut page, find your city, and create a "real estate — by owner" listing.
  • FSBO websites: There are multiple FSBO listing websites that allow you to post your home for free or a few hundred dollars. But each differs in how many photos you can include, how long the listing is live, and the changes you can make — do your research before choosing a for sale by owner site.
  • Flat-Fee MLS companies: Flat-fee MLS services will list your house on your local Multiple Listing Service (MLS) for significantly less than a realtor. However, they provide few additional services unless you opt for their most expensive packages, which often cost more than using a discount brokerage.

If you choose to use a flat-fee MLS company, you'll have to offer a buyer's agent commission. The MLS is how real estate agents find homes for their clients, and typically a buyer's agent commission is included to incentivize these realtors to show the house to their clients.

How Realtor Commissions Work In Connecticut

Traditionally, both the buyer's agent and the listing agent are paid a commission by the homeowner. When sellers work with a realtor, they negotiate a commission as part of the listing agreement.

Based on the average commission rates in Connecticut, this typically ranges from 2.62-3.02% of the sale price.

In a typical sale, the seller also agrees to a commission rate for the realtor who brings the buyer to the table, which runs between 2.25-2.65%.


Average Range in Connecticut*Average Amount
Listing Commission2.62-3.02%$7,310-$8,426
Buyer Agent's Commission2.25-2.65%$6,278-$7,394

*Based on the average commission rates from a 2020 Clever survey of 500+ real estate agents
⁺Based on the median sale price in Connecticut (Redfin Data Center, May 2020)

As a FSBO seller, you automatically avoid paying a listing commission. However, there is a solid argument for offering a buyer's agent commission.

A buyer's agent's commission is an incentive for realtors to show your house to their clients. If you don't offer a commission that is competitive compared to similar homes in your area, then your home could be shown less. Agents may prioritize taking buyers to homes with a commission.

The best way to avoid paying any commission fees is to sell to an unrepresented buyer. However, know that nearly 87% of buyers work with a realtor. If you decide not to offer a buyer's agent commission, you may severely restrict your pool of buyers.

>> LEARN how real estate commissions work

How Commission Costs Break Down in Connecticut


Selling FSBO to a Represented BuyerSelling FSBO to an Unrepresented BuyerListing with an AgentListing with a Discount Agent (learn more)
Sale Price*$262,260$262,260$279,000$279,000
Listing Commission$0$0$7,868$3,000
Buyer Commission$6,425$0$6,836$6,836
Total Profit$255,835$262,260$264,296$269,164

*Based on the median sale price in Connecticut (Redfin Data Center, May 2020) and that FSBO homes sell for 6% less (Collateral Analytics, 2017)
Based on the average commission rates in Connecticut from a 2020 Clever survey of 500+ real estate agents

Paperwork to Sell a House by Owner In Connecticut

Once you find a buyer for your house, it's time to start the closing process. In a typical real estate transaction, your agent will make sure you fill out all the necessary documents and forms. As a FSBO seller, you'll have to navigate the paperwork by yourself.

This process varies by state — here's a quick breakdown of Connecticut's requirements.

Required for All Connecticut Real Estate Sales

2 Forms of IDIn most cases, a valid passport, driver's license, or other form of Connecticut-issued ID.
Copy of Purchase Agreement and Any AddendumsCopy of the original, signed sales agreement as well as any agreed upon changes.
Closing StatementA detailed list of all the costs associated with the sale and who pays them. This is often prepared by your escrow agent or title company.
Signed DeedTo legally transfer your property, you'll need the deed that proves you're the rightful owner. At closing, you'll sign the deed over to the buyer.
Bill of SaleThis is basically a receipt that includes both your information and the buyer's. It will also list the final price of the home and what was included in the sale.
Affidavit of TitleA notarized document that states you own the home, that there are no liens on the property, that you are not simultaneously selling the home to someone else, etc.

Possible Additional Documents

Loan Payoff InformationIf you have a mortgage on your home, you'll need documentation of exactly how much you still owe and any payoff fees. If you've already paid your mortgage in full, you'll need documentation proving that.
HOA Forms and GuidelinesIf your home is part of an HOA, you'll need to give the buyer documentation on the HOA's Covenants, Codes, and Restrictions, financial history, required fees, approval process, etc.
Survey Results or Survey AffidavitsA survey (or an affidavit verifying a previous survey) proves exactly where the property lines are.
Home Inspection ResultsIf you had a pre-sale inspection, you'll want the results to compare to the buyer's inspection. If having a buyer inspection was part of the sales agreement, you should receive a copy of the results before closing.
Proof of Repairs or RenovationsDocumentation proving any major repairs or changes to the house help verify its value. These receipts also provide the buyer with information about who to contact if they discover issues with the repairs in the future.
Home Warranty InformationThe home warranty service agreement will explain what is covered, for how long, and any costs associated with the policy.
Copies of Relevant Wills, Trusts, or Power of Attorney LettersIf you are selling an inherited property, you'll need copies of all legal documents that passed ownership to you.
Relevant Affidavits (Name Affidavits, Non-Foreign Affidavit Under IRC 1445, etc.)You may need additional affidavits like a name affidavit (which lists all of your or the buyer's previous names) or an affidavit proving you are not a foriegn citizen and therefore exempt from certain property sales taxes.
Closing Disclosure If your buyer is taking out a mortgage and you agreed to certain seller's concessions, you may need a copy of their closing disclosure to verify the lender approved your concessions.
Correction Statement and AgreementIn the event forms are lost or errors are discovered in the future, a correction statement and agreement requires you, the buyer, or their lender, to replace or fix those documents if need be.

Connecticut Disclosure Forms

Residential Property Condition Report and Residential Foundation Condition Report The seller disclosure statement details any known issues with your home and its major appliances and systems.
Flood Zone StatementWith some mortgages (like federally backed ones), your buyer's lender might require information of the property's flood risk.
Lead-Based Paint DisclosureFederal law requires that if your home was built before 1978, you disclose information about the dangers of lead-based paint to your buyer.

Note: The closing process varies greatly across Connecticut. Closing occurs according to "the custom of the bar" in your area. Make sure to consult a professional about what all you need to do to close on your home.

Many closing documents are legally binding agreements. Any errors can derail your sale and cost you thousands in fees or in costs to re-list your house.

To avoid an expensive mistake, consider hiring a real estate attorney. While this can cost $500-$5,000, an experienced lawyer can answer any questions you have along the way.

FSBO Pros and Cons

Before deciding to sell your home by owner, weigh all the pros and cons to make the right choice for your situation.

Pros

  • More control: As a FSBO seller, you can decide the price, listing timeframe, showing schedule, marketing strategy, negotiation tactics, and more.
  • No competition with other clients: Some agents take on more clients than they can handle, which could mean not getting the attention you need to meet your home-selling goals.
  • Lower commission: As a FSBO seller, you could sell your home without paying any commissions. Based on Connecticut's average commission rates, that could leave 2.62-5.67% of your sale price in your pocket. Even if your buyer has an agent, you'll still avoid paying 2.62-3.02% in listing commissions.

Cons

  • No MLS access: Unless you pay for a flat-fee MLS service, your home won't be on the local MLS. Most agents use MLSes (not Zillow and Trulia) to find properties for their clients and most buyers work with a realtor. So if you're not on the MLS, fewer buyers will see your listing.
  • Risks of inaccurate pricing: Many FSBO sellers find it difficult to be objective when pricing their house and list for too much. If you make this mistake, you won't attract buyers and the listing will become stale. Eventually, you could be forced to accept a low offer or take your home off the market and relist with an agent.
  • Safety issues: As a FSBO seller, it will be your responsibility to show your home to prospective buyers. Not everyone is comfortable being alone with strangers in their homes since incidents such as theft or harassment can occur. Make sure to gauge your own comfort levels before deciding to sell FSBO.
  • More work and stress: Selling a home is a full-time job. Trying to cram all the steps and responsibilities into your schedule is a hassle many FSBO sellers aren't prepared for.

FSBO Alternatives to Consider

If saving money is your main reason for selling your home by owner, there are alternatives. Consider the following lower-cost options (listed from least expensive to most):

Flat-Fee MLS Services in Connecticut

As mentioned before, a flat-fee MLS service will post your listing on the local MLS, usually for a low, upfront fee. In Connecticut, this will typically cost you a couple hundred dollars.

Here are some Connecticut flat-fee MLS companies to compare:

>> LEARN about flat-fee MLS services in Connecticut

Clever Real Estate

Clever is a nationwide real estate service that connects sellers with top, local agents. You pay Clever nothing and only pay your full-service agent $3,000 (or 1% on homes over $350,000) if and when your home sells.

>> LEARN more about Clever Real Estate

Discount Real Estate Services in Connecticut

While pricing and services vary, discount real estate companies will help you sell your house for less than a traditional realtor. In most cases, you'll still need to offer a competitive buyer's agent commission, but you'll save on listing fees.

>> LEARN about discount real estate services

5 Tips for Selling Your Home Without a Realtor in Connecticut

Pulling off a FSBO sale successfully is a difficult feat to accomplish. Here are some helpful tips from Clever CEO and real estate investor Ben Mizes, who has experience listing homes without an agent.

1. Make Minor Repairs

Small upgrades and repairs can do a lot to sway potential buyers. The key is knowing how and where to spend your money to get higher offers. Simple DIY projects like a fresh coat of paint or new cabinet pulls have a high return on investment, whereas pricier improvements like adding a new bedroom may not.

Overall, the most important factor is knowing where the line is between necessary and over-the-top. You want your house to meet buyers' expectations.

"If your kitchen is a disaster, spending more money on a remodel to get it in solid condition will pay off in the end," said Mizes. "But spending money on high-end features to take it from good to extravagant will be a waste."

Also consider how valuable specific repairs are to buyers in your area. Focus on upgrades that have a higher cost recuperation in your region.

Home Repairs with Highest Resale Value in Connecticut

Top UpgradesAvg. Repair CostAvg. Resale ValueCost Recouped
Garage Door Replacement$3,732$3,71599%
Manufactured Stone Veneer$9,629$8,45377%
Siding Replacement (Vinyl)$15,115$11,57577%

Based on regional data from Remodeling (May 2020)

2. Price Your Connecticut Home Competitively

The Connecticut property market is currently classified as a relatively stable seller's market. Key market drivers, such as low housing inventory and robust job growth remain resilient to a nationwide cooling in median sales growth. As of November 2019, the median home value in Connecticut is $244,800.

Despite high buyer interest and an above-average number of bidding wars, there are signs of a pullback in the Connecticut property market. Between 2017 and 2018, Connecticut sellers have observed an uptick in offers below their asking price, indicating growing buyer reluctance to overspend amid mounting affordability concerns. In increasingly difficult market conditions, pricing your home competitively is even more important than usual.

In a FSBO listing, setting a competitive asking price can be the difference between a quick, high-value sale and a stagnant listing. Without an agent, you'll need to conduct a comparative market analysis of your local neighborhood.

Look at comps in your area and see how they performed on the market. Consider how long the homes were listed and whether they had to lower the price. Any starting listing price that ended up driving away buyers is probably too high.

3. Stage and Market Your Home

After you have settled on a listing price, it's time to develop a marketing strategy and make your home presentable to prospective Connecticut buyers. If you want to attract serious, qualified buyers, consider employing the following marketing and staging tactics:

  • Create a professional, customizable website to host and market your property listing.
  • Reach out to local social media influencers in the real estate niche to drive targeted buyer traffic to your property listing.
  • Hire a professional photographer and drone operator to capture listing photos and video footage.
  • Complete any necessary repairs and have your home professionally cleaned.
  • Leverage the local popularity of the open concept staging layout.
  • Stage your home to make it appear welcoming to buyers, with a focus on making each room neat and easy to explore.

>> LEARN how much it costs to stage a home

4. Prepare for Showings

Organization is key when showing your home to potential buyers. You'll need a good system for scheduling showings and saving buyers' and agents' contact information. You'll want to be flexible and try to show your house at buyers' convenience.

Keep the home clean and decluttered at all times. The last thing you want is to scramble around with a vacuum after a buyer calls for a last-minute showing.

Also, focus on creating a homey atmosphere for buyers. You want to make a great first impression on as many buyers as possible, so add little touches that speak to most people.

"Bake cookies or light scented candles before a showing," advises Mizes. "Smell plays a huge part in how buyers will perceive and remember your house. Use comforting scents to your advantage so they feel at home the moment they walk through the door."

5. Negotiate for the Best Possible Price

Negotiations are about deciding more than the final sale price. You and the buyer (or their agent) will also have to agree upon contract contingencies, how closing costs are divided, the timeline, and more.

To gain the upper hand, get creative with the seller concessions you offer a buyer. While they might cost you a little more at closing, concessions sweeten the deal for buyers and could lead to a higher final sale price.

The most popular concessions vary from market to market. Knowing what works with buyers in your area will help you strengthen your offer.

For example, a 2020 Clever survey of over 500 real estate professionals found that in Connecticut, sellers often cover 2.33-3.25% of buyers' closing costs. On a home of median value, that equates to $6,096-$8,503, but can help you close the deal sooner and for more money.

You should also consider offering these popular seller concessions:

Most Common Seller Concessions in Connecticut

ConcessionBenefits of Offering Concession
Repair CreditsIf your home needs repairs, a buyer may request that you fix the issues, or you can offer repair credits. Repair credits allow you to close the deal and avoid the hassle of handling renovations. Once they own the house, the buyer oversees the project and, since the concession is a set amount, you pay nothing else if the repairs go over budget.
Attorney FeesIn Connecticut, an attorney must assist with real estate transactions. By offering to pay the buyer's legal fees, you can sweeten the deal.
Home WarrantyIf your home has major appliances or systems that are on their last leg, a home warranty can give buyers peace of mind. A warranty will cover possible issues and is typically less expensive than paying for the repairs (or accepting a lower offer from a wary buyer).

Conclusion: Is FSBO Right for You?

FSBO isn't a perfect fit for everyone. But now that you know what awaits, if you're feeling confident about all the steps and possible challenges, you might be ready to sell without a realtor.

Remember, to succeed at selling a house by owner you'll need to:

  • Make a plan: From getting photos of your property to lining up the correct paperwork, there'll be a lot on your FSBO to-do list. Work out a schedule for when you need to accomplish everything so you can find a buyer and close in a timeframe that works for you.
  • Get ready to hustle: Attracting qualified buyers is hard work. You'll need a great listing description and a killer marketing strategy to generate interest. Also, prepare to spend a considerable amount of your time fielding calls from prospective buyers, handling showings, hosting open houses, and more.
  • Make smart investments: Even though your main goal as a FSBO seller is saving money, spending some money on small upgrades or repairs can lead to higher offers and a faster sale. Also, consider paying for a flat-fee MLS service to list your home on the local MLS to reach more buyers.
  • Seek some professional advice: You don't have to sign a listing contract to talk to a realtor. Professional agents understand that smart sellers weigh their options; they'll be willing to meet for a free consultation. After seeing your home and looking at comps, they might notice issues or advantages you overlooked. Once you've heard their advice, if you still want to sell by owner, you can do so confidently because you thoroughly explored all your choices.

If you'd like some professional guidance with no strings attached, Clever can help. Fill out your basic info below to connect with a top, local realtor for a no-obligation consultation.

Additional Resources for Connecticut Home Sellers

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Andrew Schmeerbauch

Andrew Schmeerbauch is the Director of Marketing at Clever Real Estate, the free online service that connects you top agents to save on commission. His focus is educating home buyers and sellers on navigating the complex world of real estate with confidence and ease. Andrew has worked on projects for the United Nations and USC and has a particular passion for investing and finance. Andrew's writing has been featured in Mashvisor, L&T, Ideal REI, and Rentometer.

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