8 Easy Steps to Buying a House in Florida

Jamie Ayers

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Jamie Ayers

October 1st, 2022
Updated October 1st, 2022

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8 Steps to Buying a House in Florida

Save for down payment | Find a real estate agent | Get preapproved for a mortgage | Choose your neighborhood | Go house hunting | Make an offer | Inspections and appraisal | Final walkthrough and closing

Buying a house in Florida is an exciting milestone, but the process can take some time. Several factors, like your financial situation, market conditions, and the local economy can affect both how long it takes you to find a home and how much it costs you.

For example, homes in Tampa are hitting the market at $429,450 and selling within 44 days — 7 days faster than the state average! — so you'll need to move quickly if you want to beat out the competition.

The more you know about the home buying process and Florida's current real estate trends, the more prepared you'll be to navigate this complicated process as quickly and smoothly as possible.

No matter where you are in your home buying journey, Clever can connect you with local real estate pros who will help you purchase your Florida dream home!

The best part? When you buy with a Clever real estate agent, you could earn a cash-back refund worth up to 0.5% of the home price. On a qualifying $300,000 purchase, you'd get $1,500. That's real money back in your pocket!

» START: Buy with a top local agent, save thousands with Clever Cash Back

Step 1: Save for a down payment

🔑 Key takeaway:

Your down payment can be less than 20% of the purchase price — $81,098 for the typical home in Florida — but you'll have to purchase mortgage insurance and pay more interest over the life of your loan.

Your down payment is the first part of your home's purchase price that you pay at closing. Your mortgage lender will pay the remaining balance.

Typically, mortgage lenders in Florida want you to contribute 20% of the purchase price as a down payment. That would be $81,098 for a $405,489 home — the typical home value in Florida.

However, you have options to lower your down payment amount.

Government backed loans, like VA and FHA loans, allow you to contribute 0% and 3.5% of your home's purchase price respectively. Even conventional loans allow for down payments as low as 3-5% (though the minimum varies by lender).

Mortgage type
Minimum down payment (%)
Down payment ($)
VA Loan
0%
$0
FHA Loan
3.5%
$14,192
Conventional
3%
$12,165
Based on typical home values from Zillow (August 2022)

But making a down payment of less than 20% comes with some risks.

First, because you're borrowing more money, you'll have a higher monthly payment and pay more in interest over the life of your loan.

Down payment
Monthly payment
Total interest
Total Cost
5%
$2,185
$401,310
$806,799
20%
$1,840
$337,945
$743,434
Based on home values from Zillow (August 2022) and a 5.49% interest rate for a 30-year loan.

Second, you may have to purchase mortgage insurance.

Conventional loans require private mortgage insurance (PMI) until your loan balance reaches 80% of the purchase price. FHA loans, on the other hand, require a mortgage insurance premium (MIP) for the life of your loans.

Mortgage insurance costs around 1% of your mortgage balance annually. However, rates vary based on your down payment and credit score. Typically, your mortgage insurance payment is added to your mortgage payment each month.

VA loans don't charge mortgage insurance. Instead, you'll pay a VA loan funding fee at closing, which can range from 1.4% to 3.6% of the purchase price.

» READ MORE: Everything you need to know about low-income home loans

Florida down payment assistance programs

The Sunshine State offers several down payment assistance programs to prospective homebuyers. Eligible participants can receive financial help from government grants or second mortgages with deferred or forgiven payments.

The Florida Housing Finance Corporation is a great place to start your research. There are a number of programs to choose from, including:

The Florida Assist Program

This option offers borrowers up to $10,000 for FHA, VA, or USDA loans, or up to $7,500 for conventional loans. This financial assistance comes as an interest-free second mortgage to eligible participants.

FL Homeownership Loan Program

The Florida Homeownership Loan Program offers a second mortgage up to $10,000 through a second mortgage. The mortgage has a 15-year term, and monthly payments are required.

HFA Preferred/HFA Advantage PLUS

The HFA Preferred and HFA Advantage PLUS programs can offer between 3-5% of the purchase price as a forgivable second mortgage.

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

Additional programs and resources for Florida homebuyers can be found on HUD’s web page here.

Step 2: Find a great real estate agent in Florida

🔑 Key takeaway:

Interview multiple agents to find one who knows your target neighborhoods, has experience in your price range, and communicates well.

Your real estate agent will be your main ally during the home buying process. Besides finding and showing you properties, your agent will help you make offers, negotiate contracts, and navigate the closing process. Plus, they can recommend other service providers like title companies and inspectors to help you buy your home in Florida.

Don't rush into choosing an agent. Instead, take the time to research and interview multiple real estate agents who have experience in the neighborhoods you're interested in. You should pay attention to a realtor's:

  • Years of experience
  • Number of transactions in the last year (the more the better!)
  • Experience in your price range
  • Overall review score
  • Individual reviews and complaints

Top Local Agents Hand-Picked for You!

Clever matches you with multiple agents in your area so you can interview, compare, and choose the best one to help you buy your next home.

Step 3: Get preapproved for a mortgage

🔑 Key takeaway:

Once you're preapproved for a mortgage, it's imperative that your financial situation doesn't change. If your credit drops, it can derail the process and keep you from closing on your house.

Here are some easy ways to ensure your credit doesn't change after you receive your preapproval letter:

  • Avoid opening new credit accounts
  • Don't close any accounts that have been open for a long time
  • Make all of your credit card payments on time

» LEARN MORE: What factors do mortgage lenders consider?

A mortgage preapproval letter is an offer to lend you up to a certain amount of money to purchase a home. It shows sellers that you are a serious buyer who is financially qualified to make an offer on a home.

Most sellers in Florida will require preapproval before showing you their home.

You don't have to decide on one lender right now. In fact, you should compare interest rates and preapproval amounts from several lenders to make sure you're getting the absolute best terms when you buy your Florida home.

Get Pre-approved Today!

Get matched with a lender who can tell you how much house you can afford. To get started, where do you plan on buying?

Step 4: Choose the right location

🔑 Key takeaway:

Search for neighborhoods where:

  • Home prices are within your price range
  • Home values are on the rise
  • The local amenities support your lifestyle

Currently, the typical home value in Florida is $405,489, but don't worry if that doesn't perfectly match your budget. Home prices vary dramatically from city to city and even from neighborhood to neighborhood!

Also, look at past home value trends. This will give you an idea of how much your home's value could go up over the next few years.

To give you an idea of how appreciation could impact what your house is worth in the future, consider these examples from three neighborhoods in Orlando:

Home value appreciation in Orlando

Neighborhood
2015
Current
Appreciation
Alafaya
$228,922
$471,976
51.5%
Meadow Woods
$198,200
$423,997
53.3%
Hunters Creek
$258,385
$489,878
47.3%

Step 5: Start house hunting in Florida

🔑 Key takeaway:

Listing prices in Florida have spiked over the past year, and low inventory keeps pushing prices upward. Options will be slim, so keep your mind open to the listings that your real estate agent shows you. It may be difficult to find a house that checks all your boxes while staying in budget, but a good agent will be your best bet for finding a suitable compromise.

Searching for homes in Florida is the fun part of the home buying process! You'll get to look at a variety of homes and discover what you really want in a home.

Make a list of everything you want in a home and prioritize them. At the top of the list should be the items that are most important to you. This will help you separate your "must-haves" from your "nice-to-haves."

Your agent can help you understand if your wants are realistic for your budget and favorite neighborhoods or if you need to rethink what you're looking for.

Look at current housing inventory

The timing of your house hunt in Florida can have a big impact on your number of options. For example, in Florida, March has historically seen the most homes for sale. Searching in this season could give you more options and a greater likelihood of finding your dream home.

On the other hand, December gives you the fewest choices in Florida. Historically, there are 23.9% fewer homes for sale than during Florida's peak season.

Housing inventory in Florida by season

Season
New listings per month
Spring
49,338
Summer
47,612
Fall
44,710
Winter
45,933
Based on data from Realtor.com (September 2022)

Step 6: Make an offer

🔑 Key takeaway:

Florida has a very active market — and with homes getting snatched up quickly, you will have to come forward with a strong offer when you find a house you like. Consult with your realtor about your must-haves for a good idea of how to approach this. Remember, your initial bid will determine whether you can get your foot in the door, so take your time — but don’t wait for forever.

Once you find a Florida house you love, it's time to make an offer. Your real estate agent will help you write a compelling offer that gives you the best shot of convincing the homeowner to sell to you.

Currently, in Florida, homes stay on the market for 75 days before going under contract. However, every market goes through seasonal changes. During busier months, homes get snatched up more quickly than others.

Historically, Florida homes sell fastest in March, where the average property is only on the market for 68 days. If your home search falls around this time, you should be prepared to move quickly and potentially make offers on several homes before yours is accepted.

On the other hand, if you buy in December, you have a bit more time to search. Homes typically stay on the market 7 days longer than Florida's annual average.

Average time homes spend on market in Florida

Annual average
75 days
January
79 days
February
73 days
March
65 days
April
65 days
May
67 days
June
69 days
July
71 days
August
69 days
September
73 days
October
76 days
November
75 days
December
77 days
Based on data from Realtor.com (September 2022)

» LEARN MORE: What should an offer include?

👋 Next Steps: Talk to an expert!

If you're weighing your options for buying or selling a house, Clever can help!

Our fully-licensed concierge team is standing by to answer questions and provide free, objective advice on getting the best outcome with your sale or purchase.

Ready to get started?

Give us a call at 1-833-2-CLEVER or enter your info below. Our concierge team will be in touch shortly to help.

Remember, this service is 100% free and there’s never any obligation.

Step 7: Inspections and appraisals

Inspections and appraisals are an opportunity for you to better evaluate the home's condition and value before officially purchasing it. You may have an opportunity after this step to renegotiate the terms of your contract with the seller if something unexpected pops up.

🔑 Key takeaway:

  • Inspections: A licensed professional checks the house for any unseen, unexpected, or potential issues.
  • Appraisals: An appraiser hired by your lender examines the house to determine how much it's worth.

Home inspections in Florida

Having your Florida home inspected by a licensed inspector gives you peace of mind about the condition of the property before you commit thousands of dollars to purchase it.

Your inspector should check out the following parts of the property:

  • Roof
  • Foundation
  • Electrical system
  • HVAC system
  • Plumbing

If the home has a septic system, you should also pay for a septic inspection to make sure it doesn't have any problems that wouldn't be covered in a typical home inspection.

Florida-specific inspections

Florida requires sellers to disclose some known property issues, but some troubles might not be identified with a general home inspection alone. Conducting additional testing before closing can help protect your health and your wallet in the long run.

Here are a few good inspections to consider before buying a property:

  • Radon testing: Florida sellers are required by law to disclose known radon hazards, but they're not required to conduct a radon test. It's a good idea to get a test done as soon as possible to avoid any health or safety risks.

    Homebuyers can get free radon test kits from the Florida Department of Health. Order your free test by filling out a form here.

    • Termite and pest inspection: Most VA and FHA loans often require termite and pest inspections before a buyer is allowed to close on a property. However, even if your loan officer doesn't require a pest inspection, it's wise to get this test done to ensure the home's safety.

    Appraisals

    Appraisals determine the value of the property. If you're using a mortgage to buy your new home, your lender will order an appraisal to make sure the home is worth the money that it's loaning you.

    » LEARN: 3 options for buyers after a low appraisal

    Step 8: Close on your new home!

    🔑 Key takeaway:

    Before you close on your new home, you and your agent will do a final walkthrough of the property to ensure that it's still in the expected condition.

    Closing on your Florida home requires two major tasks. First, you'll review and sign the necessary paperwork to get the title transferred to your name. Next, you'll pay your closing costs to become an official homeowner.

    On the closing date, prepare to sign a lot of documents. You may want to read through all the paperwork ahead of time to make sure you fully understand everything.

    Some important forms and documents to review will include:

    • The deed
    • The mortgage note
    • The disclosure
    • The security instrument

    After completing the paperwork, you'll pay your closing costs to the title company. The title company will take care of distributing the funds to each service provider.

    Generally, closing costs for homebuyers can be sorted into four main categories:

    • Lender fees: Fees paid to your lender for originating and underwriting your loan. These fees will make up the bulk of your closing costs.
    • Title and escrow charges: Charges paid to the title company for transferring the property to your name. These costs include the title company's settlement fees, the title insurance, and the charges for the title search.
    • Prepaid costs: Ongoing homeownership expenses. Most mortgage lenders require borrowers to pay for their property taxes and homeowners insurance up front.
    • Other closing costs: Miscellaneous costs that vary according to each buyer. Closing costs can cover things like pest inspection fees, certification expenses, and other services needed to buy a home.

    Buyers in Florida typically pay 3–5% of the purchase price in closing costs. For a $405,500 home — the typical home value in Florida — that's between $12,165 and $20,275!

    » LEARN MORE: Closing costs for buyers in Florida

    Should you hire a real estate attorney?

    Florida does not require you to hire a real estate attorney to buy a home. However, depending on your circumstances, you might consider hiring one anyways. If you do, treat the process similarly to hiring an agent. Interview multiple attorneys and proceed with the one that best meets your needs.

    Frequently asked questions

    1. Save for down payment
    2. Get pre-approved for a mortgage
    3. Choose your preferred Florida neighborhoods
    4. Partner with the right real estate agent in Florida
    5. Go house hunting
    6. Make a strong offer
    7. Inspections and appraisals
    8. Do a final walkthrough and close

    Yes! Florida's first-time homebuyer program offers a 30-year, fixed rate mortgage for eligible buyers working with a participating lender. Buyers may also apply for down payment and closing cost assistance.

    Eligible homebuyers must not earn more than their county's maximum income limit or buy a home above their county's purchase price limit. Borrowers are also required to take a homebuyer education course and have a credit score of at least 640.

    » READ: What are the top first-time homebuyer programs?

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