Buying a house in Wisconsin is an exciting milestone, but the process can take some time. Several factors, like your financial situation, market conditions, and the local economy can affect both how long it takes you to find a home and how much it costs you.
For example, homes in Janesville are hitting the market at $299,900 and selling within 40 days — 32 days faster than the state average! — so you'll need to move quickly if you want to beat out the competition.
However, homes typically stay on the market longer in Whitewater, so you'll be able to take your time and potentially find a better deal.
The more you know about the steps to buying a house and Wisconsin's current real estate trends, the more prepared you'll be to navigate this complicated process as quickly and smoothly as possible.
No matter where you are in your home buying journey, Clever's concierge team can connect you with local real estate pros who will help you purchase your Wisconsin dream home!
The best part? When you buy with a Clever real estate agent, you could earn a cash-back refund worth up to 0.5% of the home price. On a qualifying $300,000 purchase, you'd get $1,500. That's real money back in your pocket!
Step 1: Save for a down payment
Your down payment is the initial portion of your home's purchase price that you pay at closing. Your mortgage lender will pay the remaining balance.
Typically, mortgage lenders in Wisconsin want you to contribute 20% of the purchase price as a down payment. That would be $52,472 for a $262,362 home — the typical home value in Wisconsin.
However, you have options to lower your down payment amount.
Government backed loans, like VA and FHA loans, allow you to contribute 0% and 3.5% of your home's purchase price respectively. Even conventional loans allow for down payments as low as 3-5% (though the minimum varies by lender).
Minimum Down Payment (%)
Down Payment ($)
Based on typical home values from Zillow (May 2022)
But making a down payment of less than 20% comes with some risks.
First, because you're borrowing more money, you'll have a higher monthly payment and pay more in interest over the life of your loan.
Based on a $262,362 home, the typical home value in Wisconsin (Zillow, May 2022) with a 5.51% interest rate for a 30-year loan.
Second, you may have to purchase mortgage insurance.
Conventional loans require private mortgage insurance (PMI) until your loan balance reaches 80% of the purchase price. FHA loans, on the other hand, require a mortgage insurance premium (MIP) for the life of your loans.
Mortgage insurance costs around 1% of your mortgage balance annually. However, rates vary based on your down payment and credit score. Typically, your mortgage insurance payment is added to your mortgage payment each month.
VA loans don't charge mortgage insurance. Instead, you'll pay a VA loan funding fee at closing, which can range from 1.4% to 3.6% of the purchase price.
Wisconsin down payment assistance programs
Are you having trouble affording the down payment on a Wisconsin home?
Low-income and first-time homebuyers may be eligible for one of Wisconsin's down payment assistance (DPA) programs. If you apply for a DPA program, you could receive a grant or second mortgage to pay for closing costs or a down payment.
Here are a few statewide resources you might qualify for:
WHEDA Easy Close DPA
The Wisconsin Housing and Economic Development Authority (WHEDA) offers its Easy Close DPA program to those with a WHEDA first mortgage. This option can give participants up to 6% of the home purchase price as a 10-year second mortgage.
The interest rate for the second mortgage is equal to the borrower's first mortgage interest rate. To qualify for the Easy Close program, buyers need to meet the same income and purchase price limits indicated in the WHEDA first mortgage requirements.
WHEDA Capital Access DPA
The WHEDA Capital Access DPA program offers participants up to 3.5% or $3,050 as a 30-year, 0% interest second mortgage. This option requires no monthly payments from borrowers.
Applicants need to stay beneath the maximum income and purchase price limits indicated for their county.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
You can find additional programs in Wisconsin on the state's HUD page.
Step 2: Get pre-approved for a mortgage
A mortgage pre-approval letter is an offer to lend you up to a certain amount of money to purchase a home. It shows sellers that you are a serious buyer who is financially qualified to make an offer on a home.
Most sellers in Wisconsin will require pre-approval before showing you their home.
You don't have to decide on one lender right now. In fact, you should compare interest rates and pre-approval amounts from several lenders to make sure you're getting the absolute best terms when you buy your Wisconsin home.
Get Pre-approved Today!
Get matched with a lender who can tell you how much house you can afford. To get started, where do you plan on buying?
To get a pre-approved for a mortgage, you'll fill out a mortgage application and provide details about your financial situation. They'll look at the following information to determine your mortgage pre-approval amount:
Lenders need to know that you earn enough to make your mortgage payments each month. Most lenders want your monthly housing costs to be less than 28% of your monthly income.
Lenders also consider your other debts, including credit cards, student loans, auto loans, and personal loans. They use this information to calculate your debt to income ratio (DTI) — or your total debt (including future mortgage) divided by your total income.
While some lenders will approve mortgages for buyers with DTI as high as 43%, it's best to keep your DTI under 36%.
Because of this, you might consider paying off some of your other debts before applying for a mortgage in Wisconsin.
Mortgage lenders in Wisconsin want to see that you have enough cash in the bank to cover your down payment and closing costs without completely draining your cash reserves.
While this requirement varies by lender, most want you to keep at least enough to cover two mortgage payments including insurance and taxes.
Step 3: Choose the right location
A house's neighborhood can be just as important as its layout and features. In general, you should consider the following factors when deciding which neighborhood is best for you:
What's your home buying budget?
Once you know your budget (a pre-approval letter will tell you the most you can expect to borrow), you can narrow your search to neighborhoods where homes are selling within your price range.
Also, look at past home value trends. This will give you an idea of how much your home's value could go up over the next few years. You want to choose a neighborhood that's in your budget, but could also lead to a big return when you decide to sell.
To give you an idea of how appreciation could impact what your house is worth in the future, consider these examples from three neighborhoods in Madison:
Home value appreciation in Madison
Once you have a list of neighborhoods with homes in your budget, you should evaluate how well each one meets your personal needs and preferences. To finalize your list of target areas, consider factors like:
- School districts
- Your daily commute
- Crime rates
- Restaurants and amenities
- Transportation options
Step 4: Find a great real estate agent in Wisconsin
Your real estate agent will be your main ally during the home buying process. Besides finding and showing you properties, your agent should be an expert on buying a home in Wisconsin.
They'll help you make offers, negotiate contracts, and navigate the closing process. Plus, they can recommend other service providers like title companies and inspectors to help you buy your home in Wisconsin.
Don't rush into choosing an agent. Instead, take the time to research and interview multiple real estate agents who have experience in the neighborhoods you're interested in. you should pay attention to a realtor's:
- Years of experience
- Number of transactions in the last year (the more the better!)
- Experience in your price range
- Overall review score
- Individual reviews and complaints
Ask each of them questions about your target neighborhoods, how they prefer to communicate, and their strategy for helping you find and close on your new home. You should feel comfortable with the agent's knowledge, experience, and process before committing to an agent.
Top Local Agents Hand-Picked for You!
Clever matches you with multiple agents in your area so you can interview, compare, and choose the best one to help you buy your next home.
Step 5: Start house hunting in Wisconsin
Searching for homes in Wisconsin is the fun part of the home buying process! You'll get to look at a variety of homes and discover what you really want in a home.
Prioritize your needs vs. wants when buying a home in Wisconsin
Make a list of everything you want in a home and prioritize them. At the top of the list should be the items that are most important to you. This will help you separate your "must-haves" from your "nice-to-haves."
Your agent can help you understand if your wants are realistic for your budget and favorite neighborhoods or if you need to rethink what you're looking for.
Look at current housing inventory
The timing of your house hunt in Wisconsin can have a big impact on your number of options. For example, in Wisconsin, April has historically seen the most homes for sale. Searching in this season could give you more options and a greater likelihood of finding your dream home.
On the other hand, January gives you the fewest choices in Wisconsin. Historically, there are 53.5%) fewer homes for sale than during Wisconsin's peak season.
Housing inventory in Wisconsin by season
New Listings per Month
Based on June 2022 data from Realtor.com
Step 6: Make an offer
Once you find a Wisconsin house you love, it's time to make an offer. Your real estate agent will help you write a compelling offer that gives you the best shot of convincing the homeowner to sell to you.
Currently, in Wisconsin, homes stay on the market for 74 days before going under contract. However, every market goes through seasonal changes. During busier months, homes get snatched up more quickly than others.
Historically, Wisconsin homes sell fastest in June, where the average property is only on the market for 55. If your home search falls around this time, you should be prepared to move quickly and potentially make offers on several homes before yours is accepted.
On the other hand, if you buy in February, you have a bit more time to search. Homes typically stay on the market 32 days longer than Wisconsin's annual average.
Average time homes spend on market in Wisconsin
Based on June 2022 data from Realtor.com
What should your offer include?
Your real estate agent can help you decide which of these common options you should include in your offer:
- Seller concessions: You'll have to pay for most of your closing costs out of pocket when you buy a home, but you may be able to ask the seller to cover some of those costs for you. This option may allow you to offer a higher purchase price and essentially include your closing costs in your mortgage.
- Repair credits: If the home is in need of repair, you could ask for credits instead of having the seller make and pay for the repairs. The seller avoids the hassle of waiting for contractors to complete the job, and you get to oversee the repairs in the future to make sure they meet your expectations.
- Inspection contingencies: Most purchase agreements have inspection contingencies that allow you to change your offer (or back out all together) if the inspection turns up major problems. If you have a high degree of certainty about the house's condition (like if the seller can show you a recent inspection report), you can forgo this contingency to give the seller a higher sense of confidence.
- Letter to the seller: Many sellers have a personal attachment to the home. They've lived there for years and want to know the next owner will take care of the property. Writing a letter to the seller can show them how you picture your life in the house and appeal to their sentimental side.
Step 7: Inspections and appraisals
Inspections and appraisals are an opportunity for you to better evaluate the home's condition and value before officially purchasing it. You may have an opportunity after this step to renegotiate the terms of your contract with the seller if something unexpected pops up.
Home inspections in Wisconsin
Having your Wisconsin home inspected by a licensed inspector gives you peace of mind about the condition of the property before you commit thousands of dollars to purchase it.
Your inspector should check out the following parts of the property:
- Electrical system
- HVAC system
If the home has a septic system, you should also pay for a septic inspection to make sure it doesn't have any problems that wouldn't be covered in a typical home inspection.
Wisconsin law requires sellers to complete a disclosure form about their property, but it's possible for some issues to go undetected. Buyers are advised to have more than a general home inspection completed before closing on a home.
Although these specialized tests aren't required, they can reveal structural problems or other hazards to your safety. Prioritize your well-being by running these inspections:
Radon testing: Consistent exposure to high levels of radon can cause long-lasting health complications. Buyers in Wisconsin are strongly recommended to do a radon test if the seller hasn't conducted one within the past year. Wisconsin residents can order a radon test kit online from the Wisconsin Department of Health services.
Pest inspection: Pest and termite inspections are only mandatory in select Wisconsin counties, but all homebuyers should think about hiring a pest inspector. Termites and other unwanted critters can go unnoticed until they cause serious property damage, so it's a good idea to catch potential infestations early.
Appraisals determine the value of the property. If you're using a mortgage to buy your new home, your lender will order an appraisal to make sure the home is worth the money that it's loaning you.
Step 8: Close on your new home!
Once you finish your inspections and your lender approves your financing, you'll be ready for closing! Closing is the process of finalizing your mortgage and transferring ownership of the property.
To close on your Wisconsin home, you'll need to meet at the title company to sign some paperwork and settle your closing costs.
On the closing date, prepare to spend about an hour reviewing and signing legal documents for your loan application and title transfer. Take your time and read each page carefully to ensure that all of the information is correct.
Here are just a few forms you'll need to sign:
- Your final loan application
- The deed
- The mortgage promissory note
- The disclosure statements
After submitting your paperwork, you’ll settle your closing costs with the title company. The company will collect the total amount you owe and distribute the funds to the correct recipients on your behalf.
As a buyer, your closing costs will cover expenses in four key categories:
- Lender fees: Fees that your mortgage lender charges for underwriting and preparing your loan.
- Title and escrow charges: Fees the title company charges for conducting the title search and facilitating the closing process. Buyers and sellers often split this cost.
- Prepaid costs: Ongoing costs of owning a home, like property taxes and homeowners insurance. Mortgage lenders frequently require borrowers to pay for expenses like these up front.
- Other closing costs: Miscellaneous expenses that vary for each unique homebuyer. Common costs may include natural disaster certification fees or real estate attorney fees.
Buyers in Wisconsin typically pay 3-5% of the purchase price in closing costs. For a $262,400 home — the typical home value in Wisconsin — that's between $7,872 and $13,120!
Frequently asked questions
- Save for down payment
- Get pre-approved for a mortgage
- Choose your preferred Wisconsin neighborhoods
- Partner with the right real estate agent in Wisconsin
- Go house hunting
- Make a strong offer
- Inspections and appraisals
- Do a final walkthrough and close
No, but Alabama's Step Up program can provide down payment assistance to first-time homebuyers. Eligible buyers can receive a 10-year second mortgage of up to 3.5% of the sales price or up to $7,500, depending on the type of loan. Participants must complete a homebuyer education class to qualify.
Participants in the Step Up program cannot exceed the maximum income limit of $130,600. Those who earn 80% or less than the AMI (area median income) are eligible for the Conventional Step Up program. Both options require a credit score of 640 or higher.
Those who earn more than the 80% AMI but less than $130,600 can apply for the Freddie Mac Advantage Loan Product. This program requires a minimum credit score of 680.